Peruvian Guinea Pig

Peruvian Guinea pigs are generally owned as show animals. They have long flowing hair that can reach up to lengths of 20″ or more!

Peruvian Guinea Pig

This type of guinea pig requires a lot of care because of its long hair. Grooming can take a long time each week to manage and therefore may not be the best option as a pet for small children.

The Peruvian Guinea Pig is known to have a personality that is alert, fun-loving and curious.

Breed Facts

Family: Caviidae
Alternate Name: Peruvian Satin Guinea Pig
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Order: Rodentia
Genus: Cavia
Species: Porcellus
Life Expectancy: 5 – 6 Years
Breeding: Start between 20 weeks to 1 year


This breed of guinea pig originated around the year 1200.

Initially they were bred for food but then around the 15th century that shifted towards show animals and pets.

The Peruvian is one of the original three breeds of guinea pig that are recognized by the American Cavy Breeders Association (ACBA).


They come in a variety of colors and the most desirable color is a tricolored guinea pig.

However a bicolor and single color (known as Self) is also a very nice as well.


The topcoat of a Peruvian guinea pig can grow up to 2 feet in length and they have long hair all over their body.

The undercoat however normally does not grow longer than 7 inches.

Their hair normally parts down the spine.

In order for this type of guinea pig to be shown their hair should fan out making it difficult to tell their back from their front and have two rosettes on each side of the rump.

Peruvian Satin have a glossier and denser coat. This is a separate breed as per the ACBA.

Peruvian Guinea Pig Diet

They like to get fruits and vegetables and require foods that provide vitamin C as their little bodies do not carry any.

Fruits they eat include:

  • strawberries
  • melon
  • apples
  • blueberries
  • bananas

Note that these fruits should only be a treat and not given too often as they are high in sugars.

Vegetables they will eat:

  • tomatoes
  • broccoli
  • spinach
  • romaine lettuce
  • carrots
  • parsley
  • dandelion
  • chinese cabbage
  • clover