What Do Moose Eat

What Do Moose Eat

Moose live in the Northern Hemisphere around the world. They prefer a colder climate and inhabit various types of forests.


A moose diet consists of a variety of plants. Their diet is usually dictated by the type of vegetable available in certain seasons. Most of the year they will feed on shrubs, leaves and branches of trees. It is their food of choice and is known as “browse”.

Since they do not have upper front teeth a moose will have to strip off the leaves with their tough tongue and lips in order to get their food.

One good location for a moose to eat is feeding off of the shrubs and small trees of newly grown trees in areas previously burned by forest fires.

In the summer moose enjoy eating water plants such as pondweed and certain types of pond lilies. This is why moose gravitate towards streams and lakes in the summer months.

It is believed that the high sodium content of the water plants is important for their diet and health.

You actually may see from time to time that a moose will stand in water up to its head in order to eat certain water plants.

Interestingly enough a moose have been known to dive as deep as 18 feet in order to grasp the plants they want.

In the winter a moose can lose up to 30% of their body weight because of lack of nutritional plants being available. Therefore before harsh winters set in moose will stock up on food.

More Detailed List

Here is a more detailed list of some of the types of trees and shrubs that moose eat.

Please note this list isn’t exhaustive and there are a few other types of foods moose eat:

  • Red Elderberry
  • Birch
  • Paper Birch
  • Rose
  • Red Raspberry
  • Cottonwood
  • Willow
  • Currant
  • Alder
  • Mood wood
  • Planeleaf Willow
  • Bark (multiple types)
  • Forbes(multiple types)
  • FernsĀ (multiple types)
  • LichensĀ (multiple types)
  • Moss
  • Horsetail
  • Mushroooms
  • Grasses and Sedges
  • Mountain Ash